Independent Study: Esther Wagner

The hysterical woman; an outdated, sexist but nonetheless well-known and commonly used trope invented by the notorious Sigmund Freud. Used to encompass a wide variety of mental conditions, hysteria was dished out as a diagnosis to any female who presented with “unnatural tendencies” such as sadness, aggression, overt laughter or even celibacy. This project sheds light on the shades of grey of female emotion, highlighting the range and complexities which have been ignored for decades.